Alleviative effects of α-lipoic acid on muscle atrophy via the modulation of TNF-α/JNK and PI3K/AKT pathways in high-fat diet and streptozotocin-induced type 2 diabetic rats

Chih Yuan Ko, Chi Hao Wu, Wen Jian Huang, Yangming Martin Lo, Shih Xiang Lin, James Swi Bea Wu, Wen Chung Huang, Szu Chuan Shen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is often accompanied by clinical complications such as sarcopenia. Previous studies have indicated that oxidative stress and insulin resistance (IR) are highly associated with the pathogenesis of diabetic myopathy. α-lipoic acid (ALA), a potent biological antioxidant, exists abundantly in a variety of plants and vegetables. This study aimed to investigate the ameliorative effect of ALA on muscle atrophy in type 2 diabetic rats induced by high-fat diet feeding (HFD) plus streptozotocin (STZ) injection. The HFD/STZ-induced diabetic rats were orally administered 50, 100, or 200 mg/kg body weight ALA once a day for 13 weeks. The results showed that ALA at the tested concentrations significantly increased the soleus muscle mass and muscle fibers in diabetic rats. Proinflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, were found to decrease in both the serum and muscle of ALA-treated diabetic rats. ALA significantly reduced the protein-expression levels of phosphorylated c-Jun N-terminal kinase (pJNK)/JNK, forkhead box O3 (FOXO3), and muscle ring-finger protein-1 (Murf1); whereas, it enhanced the protein-expression levels of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), phosphorylated protein kinase B (pAKT)/AKT, myogenin determination gene D (MyoD), the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR), and myosin heavy chain (MyHC) in the soleus muscle of diabetic rats. The results from this study suggested that ALA treatment may preserve soleus muscle mass, alleviate muscle atrophy by suppressing the TNF-α/JNK pathway, and ameliorate the PI3K/AKT pathway in HFD/STZ-induced type 2 diabetic rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1931-1939
Number of pages9
JournalFood Science and Nutrition
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Apr

Keywords

  • diabetes mellitus
  • muscle atrophy
  • proinflammatory cytokines
  • sarcopenia
  • α-lipoic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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