Alkyl-Spacer Enhancement in Performance of Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells

Ler Chun Shiu, Bo Ren Chang, Miles C.S. Hsiao, Wu Sian Sie, Ming Lun Wu, Li Xian Huang, Cheng Ming Wang, Gene Hsiang Lee, I. Jy Chang*, Hai Ching Su*, Kom Bei Shiu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Synthetic, structural, photophysical, and electrochemical study of [Ir(ppy)2(py)2](BF4) (1(BF4)) and four di-N–N-bridged complexes of [Ir(ppy)2(bpa)]2(BF4)2 (2A(BF4)2), [Ir(ppy)2((cis-bpe))]2(BF4)2 (2B(BF4)2), [Ir(ppy)2(tmp)]2(BF4)2 (2C(BF4)2), and [Ir(ppy)2(bpy)]4(BF4)4 (3(BF4)4) are described with Hppy = 2-phenylpyridine, py = pyridine, N–N = dipyridyl ligands of 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethane (bpa), cis-1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene (cis-bpe), 1,3-di(4-pyridyl)propane (tmp), and 4,4'-dipyridine (bpy). Five single-crystal structures of 1(PF6), 2A(NO3)2, 2A(PF6)2, 2B(PF6)2, and 3(NO3)4 were determined, supporting the dibridged structures and presence of a variety of stereoisomers. Application of four luminescent complexes, 1(BF4), 2A(BF4)2, 2C(BF4)2, and 3(BF4)4, in solid-state light-emitting electrochemical cells (LECs) is reported. The work demonstrates an effective approach to realize efficient LECs based on dibridged di- and multinuclear cationic transition-metal complexes with a suitably long alkyl spacer in the bridging ligand.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3517-3526
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Issue number36
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Sept 30


  • Iridium
  • Ligand effects
  • Luminescence
  • Molecular devices
  • Synthesis design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry


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