Acute high-intensity interval cycling improves postprandial lipid metabolism

Chia Lun Lee, Yu Hsuan Kuo, Ching Feng Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose This study aimed to examine the effects of two exercise regimes on physiological and postprandial lipemic responses. Methods Thirty-six active men (peak oxygen uptake [VO 2peak ], 46.5 ± 6.4 mL·kg -1 ·min -1 ) were randomly assigned to a high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE), involving 10 × 60 s cycling at 85% VO 2peak interspersed with 120 s recovery; a moderate-intensity continuous exercise (MICE), involving 50 min continuous exercise at 65% VO 2peak ; and a nonexercise control (Con). In the next morning after evening exercising, fasting blood samples were obtained. Additional blood samples were obtained 1-4 h after eating a given high-fat meal that based on participants' body mass. Carbohydrate and fat oxidation rates were measured before and after the meal. Results After exercise, glucose and insulin concentrations decreased by 33% and 70% in MICE compared with those in HIIE (P = 0.00-0.03). During the 1- to 2-h postprandial periods, the fat oxidation rate increased by 24%-37% in HIIE that that in MICE and Con (P = 0.01-0.03); however, the carbohydrate oxidation rate was not significantly different among the conditions (P = 0.28). During the postprandial period, insulin (P = 0.02-0.04) and triglyceride (P = 0.02-0.03) concentrations were lower in HIIE than those in MICE and Con. No difference was observed in free fatty acid or the total areas under the curve of triglyceride and free fatty acid among the conditions (P = 0.24-0.98). Conclusion Acute MICE improved glucose and insulin metabolism immediately after exercise. However, HIIE performed in the evening exerts more favorable effects than MICE for decreasing postprandial insulin and triglyceride levels and increasing fat oxidation in the next morning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1687-1696
Number of pages10
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Volume50
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug 1

Fingerprint

Lipid Metabolism
Exercise
Fats
Postprandial Period
Insulin
Triglycerides
Nonesterified Fatty Acids
Meals
Carbohydrates
Glucose
Area Under Curve
Fasting
Eating
Oxygen

Keywords

  • EXERCISE INTENSITY
  • HIGH-FAT MEAL
  • LOW VOLUME
  • TIME EFFICIENCY

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Acute high-intensity interval cycling improves postprandial lipid metabolism. / Lee, Chia Lun; Kuo, Yu Hsuan; Cheng, Ching Feng.

In: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Vol. 50, No. 8, 01.08.2018, p. 1687-1696.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Purpose This study aimed to examine the effects of two exercise regimes on physiological and postprandial lipemic responses. Methods Thirty-six active men (peak oxygen uptake [VO 2peak ], 46.5 ± 6.4 mL·kg -1 ·min -1 ) were randomly assigned to a high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE), involving 10 × 60 s cycling at 85{\%} VO 2peak interspersed with 120 s recovery; a moderate-intensity continuous exercise (MICE), involving 50 min continuous exercise at 65{\%} VO 2peak ; and a nonexercise control (Con). In the next morning after evening exercising, fasting blood samples were obtained. Additional blood samples were obtained 1-4 h after eating a given high-fat meal that based on participants' body mass. Carbohydrate and fat oxidation rates were measured before and after the meal. Results After exercise, glucose and insulin concentrations decreased by 33{\%} and 70{\%} in MICE compared with those in HIIE (P = 0.00-0.03). During the 1- to 2-h postprandial periods, the fat oxidation rate increased by 24{\%}-37{\%} in HIIE that that in MICE and Con (P = 0.01-0.03); however, the carbohydrate oxidation rate was not significantly different among the conditions (P = 0.28). During the postprandial period, insulin (P = 0.02-0.04) and triglyceride (P = 0.02-0.03) concentrations were lower in HIIE than those in MICE and Con. No difference was observed in free fatty acid or the total areas under the curve of triglyceride and free fatty acid among the conditions (P = 0.24-0.98). Conclusion Acute MICE improved glucose and insulin metabolism immediately after exercise. However, HIIE performed in the evening exerts more favorable effects than MICE for decreasing postprandial insulin and triglyceride levels and increasing fat oxidation in the next morning.",
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N2 - Purpose This study aimed to examine the effects of two exercise regimes on physiological and postprandial lipemic responses. Methods Thirty-six active men (peak oxygen uptake [VO 2peak ], 46.5 ± 6.4 mL·kg -1 ·min -1 ) were randomly assigned to a high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE), involving 10 × 60 s cycling at 85% VO 2peak interspersed with 120 s recovery; a moderate-intensity continuous exercise (MICE), involving 50 min continuous exercise at 65% VO 2peak ; and a nonexercise control (Con). In the next morning after evening exercising, fasting blood samples were obtained. Additional blood samples were obtained 1-4 h after eating a given high-fat meal that based on participants' body mass. Carbohydrate and fat oxidation rates were measured before and after the meal. Results After exercise, glucose and insulin concentrations decreased by 33% and 70% in MICE compared with those in HIIE (P = 0.00-0.03). During the 1- to 2-h postprandial periods, the fat oxidation rate increased by 24%-37% in HIIE that that in MICE and Con (P = 0.01-0.03); however, the carbohydrate oxidation rate was not significantly different among the conditions (P = 0.28). During the postprandial period, insulin (P = 0.02-0.04) and triglyceride (P = 0.02-0.03) concentrations were lower in HIIE than those in MICE and Con. No difference was observed in free fatty acid or the total areas under the curve of triglyceride and free fatty acid among the conditions (P = 0.24-0.98). Conclusion Acute MICE improved glucose and insulin metabolism immediately after exercise. However, HIIE performed in the evening exerts more favorable effects than MICE for decreasing postprandial insulin and triglyceride levels and increasing fat oxidation in the next morning.

AB - Purpose This study aimed to examine the effects of two exercise regimes on physiological and postprandial lipemic responses. Methods Thirty-six active men (peak oxygen uptake [VO 2peak ], 46.5 ± 6.4 mL·kg -1 ·min -1 ) were randomly assigned to a high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE), involving 10 × 60 s cycling at 85% VO 2peak interspersed with 120 s recovery; a moderate-intensity continuous exercise (MICE), involving 50 min continuous exercise at 65% VO 2peak ; and a nonexercise control (Con). In the next morning after evening exercising, fasting blood samples were obtained. Additional blood samples were obtained 1-4 h after eating a given high-fat meal that based on participants' body mass. Carbohydrate and fat oxidation rates were measured before and after the meal. Results After exercise, glucose and insulin concentrations decreased by 33% and 70% in MICE compared with those in HIIE (P = 0.00-0.03). During the 1- to 2-h postprandial periods, the fat oxidation rate increased by 24%-37% in HIIE that that in MICE and Con (P = 0.01-0.03); however, the carbohydrate oxidation rate was not significantly different among the conditions (P = 0.28). During the postprandial period, insulin (P = 0.02-0.04) and triglyceride (P = 0.02-0.03) concentrations were lower in HIIE than those in MICE and Con. No difference was observed in free fatty acid or the total areas under the curve of triglyceride and free fatty acid among the conditions (P = 0.24-0.98). Conclusion Acute MICE improved glucose and insulin metabolism immediately after exercise. However, HIIE performed in the evening exerts more favorable effects than MICE for decreasing postprandial insulin and triglyceride levels and increasing fat oxidation in the next morning.

KW - EXERCISE INTENSITY

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KW - LOW VOLUME

KW - TIME EFFICIENCY

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