Acute Exercise and Neurocognitive Development in Preadolescents and Young Adults

An ERP Study

Chien Heng Chu, Arthur F. Kramer, Tai Fen Song, Chih Han Wu, Tsung-Min Hong, Yu Kai Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a single bout of exercise on neurocognitive function in preadolescent children and young adults by determining the modulatory role of age and the neuroelectrical mechanism(s) underlying the association between acute exercise and executive function. Twenty preadolescents and 20 young adults completed the Stroop test, and neuroelectrical activity was recorded during two treatment sessions performed in a counterbalanced order. Exercise treatments involved moderate intensity aerobic exercise for 20 min as the main exercise and two 5 min periods of warm-up and cool-down. The control treatment participants read for a similar duration of time. Acute exercise improved participant reaction times on the Stroop test, regardless of Stroop congruency, and greater beneficial effects were observed in young adults compared to those in preadolescents. The P3 amplitudes increased after acute exercise in preadolescents and young adults, but acute exercise induced lower conflict sustained potential (conflict SP) amplitudes in preadolescent children. Based on these findings, age influences the beneficial effect of acute exercise on cognitive performance in general. Furthermore, the event-related brain potential differences attributed to acute exercise provide a potential clue to the mechanisms that differentiate the effects of acute exercise on individuals from preadolescence to young adulthood.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2631909
JournalNeural Plasticity
Volume2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

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Young Adult
Exercise
Stroop Test
Executive Function
Evoked Potentials
Reaction Time
Therapeutics
Brain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Acute Exercise and Neurocognitive Development in Preadolescents and Young Adults : An ERP Study. / Chu, Chien Heng; Kramer, Arthur F.; Song, Tai Fen; Wu, Chih Han; Hong, Tsung-Min; Chang, Yu Kai.

In: Neural Plasticity, Vol. 2017, 2631909, 01.01.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chu, Chien Heng ; Kramer, Arthur F. ; Song, Tai Fen ; Wu, Chih Han ; Hong, Tsung-Min ; Chang, Yu Kai. / Acute Exercise and Neurocognitive Development in Preadolescents and Young Adults : An ERP Study. In: Neural Plasticity. 2017 ; Vol. 2017.
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