Acute effects of exercise engagement on neurocognitive function: a systematic review and meta-analysis on P3 amplitude and latency

Shih Chun Kao, Feng Tzu Chen, David Moreau, Eric S. Drollette, Steve Amireault, Chien Heng Chu, Yu Kai Chang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although the acute effect of exercise on behavioral cognitive performance is well-documented in the exercise psychology field, a comprehensive evaluation on neuroelectric brain activity that determines healthy cognitive functioning following acute exercise is lacking. This systematic review included 39 studies examining acute exercise effects on P3 of event-related potential through its amplitude and latency, which reflect the amounts of attentional resources allocated to and the processing speed for categorizing a stimulus. Exercise has small effects on increasing amplitude and decreasing latency. The amplitude effect was moderated by age and the type, intensity, and duration of exercise, with a smaller effect being observed for individuals aged ≤18 and 19–35 than >60 years, for high-intensity than moderate-intensity exercise, for high-intensity interval training exercise than aerobic, resistance, and combined exercise, as well as for exercise lasting ≤10 and 11–20 than exercise lasting 21–30 min. The latency effect was moderated by exercise duration, with 11–20 min exercise showing a smaller effect than exercise lasting ≤10 min. These results demonstrated that acute exercise enhances allocation of attentional resources and processing speed needed to implement cognitive processes underlying goal-directed behavior. Further, these effects may be manipulated through targeting specific age groups and prescribing specific exercise parameters.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • EEG
  • ERP
  • Physical activity
  • attention
  • executive function P300

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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