A Review of Using Machine Learning Approaches for Precision Education

Hui Luan, Chin Chung Tsai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

106 Citations (Scopus)


In recent years, in the field of education, there has been a clear progressive trend toward precision education. As a rapidly evolving AI technique, machine learning is viewed as an important means to realize it. In this paper, we systematically review 40 empirical studies regarding machine-learning-based precision education. The results showed that the majority of studies focused on the prediction of learning performance or dropouts, and were carried out in online or blended learning environments among university students majoring in computer science or STEM, whereas the data sources were divergent. The commonly used machine learning algorithms, evaluation methods, and validation approaches are presented. The emerging issues and future directions are discussed accordingly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-266
Number of pages17
JournalEducational Technology and Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Individual differences
  • Individualized learning
  • Machine learning
  • Personalized learning
  • Precision education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • General Engineering


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