A research framework to integrate cross-ecosystem responses to tropical cyclones

J. Aaron Hogan*, Rusty A. Feagin, Gregory Starr, Michael Ross, Teng Chiu Lin, Christine O'Connell, Thomas P. Huff, Beth A. Stauffer, Kelly L. Robinson, Maria Chapela Lara, Jianhong Xue, Brandi Kiel Reese, Simon J. Geist, Elizabeth R. Whitman, Sarah Douglas, Victoria M. Congdon, Joseph W. Reustle, Rachel S. Smith, David Lagomasino, Bradley A. StricklandSara S. Wilson, C. Edward Proffitt, J. Derek Hogan, Benjamin L. Branoff, Anna R. Armitage, Scott A. Rush, Rolando O. Santos, Marconi Campos-Cerqueira, Paul A. Montagna, Brad Erisman, Lily Walker, Whendee L. Silver, Todd A. Crowl, Michael Wetz, Nathan Hall, Xiaoming Zou, Steven C. Pennings, Lih Jih Wang, Chung Te Chang, Miguel Leon, William H. McDowell, John S. Kominoski, Christopher J. Patrick

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Tropical cyclones play an increasingly important role in shaping ecosystems. Understanding and generalizing their responses is challenging because of meteorological variability among storms and its interaction with ecosystems. We present a research framework designed to compare tropical cyclone effects within and across ecosystems that: a) uses a disaggregating approach that measures the responses of individual ecosystem components, b) links the response of ecosystem components at fine temporal scales to meteorology and antecedent conditions, and c) examines responses of ecosystem using a resistance-resilience perspective by quantifying the magnitude of change and recovery time. We demonstrate the utility of the framework using three examples of ecosystem response: gross primary productivity, stream biogeochemical export, and organismal abundances. Finally, we present the case for a network of sentinel sites with consistent monitoring to measure and compare ecosystem responses to cyclones across the United States, which could help improve coastal ecosystem resilience.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)477-489
Number of pages13
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Cyclone
  • Ecosystem response
  • Hurricane
  • Research framework
  • Typhoon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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