A reflexive vehicle control architecture based on a neural model of the cockroach escape response

Ravi Vaidyanathan, Chun Ta Chen, Chan Doo Jeong, Charles Williams, Yochiro Endo, Roy E. Ritzmann, Roger D. Quinn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents a biologically inspired architecture for rapid real-time control of autonomous or semi-autonomous vehicles based on a neural model of the escape response of the American cockroach, Periplaneta americana. The architecture fuses exteroceptive and proprioceptive inputs in a manner similar to the insect to produce commands for collision avoidance and, in some cases, orientation for target strike. It functions as a reflexive subsystem that integrates smoothly with higher-level planning and behavioral control systems. The performance of the reflex is demonstrated in simulation and in hardware experiments on both air and ground vehicles, even in the presence of noisy, false or disruptive sensor data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)699-718
Number of pages20
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part I: Journal of Systems and Control Engineering
Volume226
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 May 1

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Ground vehicles
Real time control
Electric fuses
Collision avoidance
Hardware
Control systems
Planning
Sensors
Air
Experiments

Keywords

  • Autonomous control
  • artificial reflexes
  • autorouting
  • biologically inspired control
  • collision avoidance
  • path planning/tracking
  • time-critical control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

A reflexive vehicle control architecture based on a neural model of the cockroach escape response. / Vaidyanathan, Ravi; Chen, Chun Ta; Jeong, Chan Doo; Williams, Charles; Endo, Yochiro; Ritzmann, Roy E.; Quinn, Roger D.

In: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part I: Journal of Systems and Control Engineering, Vol. 226, No. 5, 01.05.2012, p. 699-718.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vaidyanathan, Ravi ; Chen, Chun Ta ; Jeong, Chan Doo ; Williams, Charles ; Endo, Yochiro ; Ritzmann, Roy E. ; Quinn, Roger D. / A reflexive vehicle control architecture based on a neural model of the cockroach escape response. In: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part I: Journal of Systems and Control Engineering. 2012 ; Vol. 226, No. 5. pp. 699-718.
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