A programming learning system for beginners - A completion strategy approach

Kuo En Chang*, Bea Chu Chiao, Sei-Wang Chen, Rong Shue Hsiao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this research is to develop a programming learning system for beginners using the completion strategy. The completion strategy uses well-designed programs to let students engage in completing, modifying, and extending their programs. The completion strategy is a paradigm of learning by examples with learning enforcement. In this paper, learning theories of the completion strategy are investigated. A template technique is employed to realize the strategy. An educational experiment was made to show the learning impact of the proposed system. The experimental result shows that the completion strategy is benefit to the programming learning for beginners.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-220
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Education
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2000


  • Completion strategy
  • Programming learning
  • Template technique

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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