A Preliminary Examination of Aerobic Exercise Effects on Resting EEG in Children With ADHD

Chung Ju Huang, Chin Wen Huang, Yu Jung Tsai, Chia Liang Tsai, Yu Kai Chang, Tsung-Min Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: This study attempted to determine whether the effects of physical exercise were reflected in the resting electroencephalographic (EEG) pattern of ADHD children. Method: Thirty-two ADHD children were assigned to either an exercise group or a control group. The exercise group participated in a water aerobics program for 8 weeks, whereas no intervention was administered to the control group. Resting EEGs were recorded under open-eyes condition before and after the intervention. Data from eligible participants, 15 from the exercise group (11 boys and 4 girls, 7.93 ± 1.02 years) and 14 from the control group (14 boys, 8.27 ± 1.04 years), were further analyzed. Results: While controlling for the baseline resting EEG, separate ANCOVAs indicated that the exercise group showed smaller theta/alpha ratios over the frontal and central brain sites after the intervention compared with the control group. Conclusion: This finding suggests that aerobic exercise may enhance the cognitive functions of children with ADHD, as reflected in resting EEG.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)898-903
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Attention Disorders
Volume21
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep 1

Fingerprint

Exercise
Control Groups
Cognition
Electroencephalography
Water
Brain

Keywords

  • EEG ratios
  • cognitive benefits
  • fitness
  • inhibition
  • physical exercise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

A Preliminary Examination of Aerobic Exercise Effects on Resting EEG in Children With ADHD. / Huang, Chung Ju; Huang, Chin Wen; Tsai, Yu Jung; Tsai, Chia Liang; Chang, Yu Kai; Hong, Tsung-Min.

In: Journal of Attention Disorders, Vol. 21, No. 11, 01.09.2017, p. 898-903.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Huang, Chung Ju ; Huang, Chin Wen ; Tsai, Yu Jung ; Tsai, Chia Liang ; Chang, Yu Kai ; Hong, Tsung-Min. / A Preliminary Examination of Aerobic Exercise Effects on Resting EEG in Children With ADHD. In: Journal of Attention Disorders. 2017 ; Vol. 21, No. 11. pp. 898-903.
@article{800a5cb5feb84731be3f2539d932e318,
title = "A Preliminary Examination of Aerobic Exercise Effects on Resting EEG in Children With ADHD",
abstract = "Objective: This study attempted to determine whether the effects of physical exercise were reflected in the resting electroencephalographic (EEG) pattern of ADHD children. Method: Thirty-two ADHD children were assigned to either an exercise group or a control group. The exercise group participated in a water aerobics program for 8 weeks, whereas no intervention was administered to the control group. Resting EEGs were recorded under open-eyes condition before and after the intervention. Data from eligible participants, 15 from the exercise group (11 boys and 4 girls, 7.93 ± 1.02 years) and 14 from the control group (14 boys, 8.27 ± 1.04 years), were further analyzed. Results: While controlling for the baseline resting EEG, separate ANCOVAs indicated that the exercise group showed smaller theta/alpha ratios over the frontal and central brain sites after the intervention compared with the control group. Conclusion: This finding suggests that aerobic exercise may enhance the cognitive functions of children with ADHD, as reflected in resting EEG.",
keywords = "EEG ratios, cognitive benefits, fitness, inhibition, physical exercise",
author = "Huang, {Chung Ju} and Huang, {Chin Wen} and Tsai, {Yu Jung} and Tsai, {Chia Liang} and Chang, {Yu Kai} and Tsung-Min Hong",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/1087054714554611",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "898--903",
journal = "Journal of Attention Disorders",
issn = "1087-0547",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Preliminary Examination of Aerobic Exercise Effects on Resting EEG in Children With ADHD

AU - Huang, Chung Ju

AU - Huang, Chin Wen

AU - Tsai, Yu Jung

AU - Tsai, Chia Liang

AU - Chang, Yu Kai

AU - Hong, Tsung-Min

PY - 2017/9/1

Y1 - 2017/9/1

N2 - Objective: This study attempted to determine whether the effects of physical exercise were reflected in the resting electroencephalographic (EEG) pattern of ADHD children. Method: Thirty-two ADHD children were assigned to either an exercise group or a control group. The exercise group participated in a water aerobics program for 8 weeks, whereas no intervention was administered to the control group. Resting EEGs were recorded under open-eyes condition before and after the intervention. Data from eligible participants, 15 from the exercise group (11 boys and 4 girls, 7.93 ± 1.02 years) and 14 from the control group (14 boys, 8.27 ± 1.04 years), were further analyzed. Results: While controlling for the baseline resting EEG, separate ANCOVAs indicated that the exercise group showed smaller theta/alpha ratios over the frontal and central brain sites after the intervention compared with the control group. Conclusion: This finding suggests that aerobic exercise may enhance the cognitive functions of children with ADHD, as reflected in resting EEG.

AB - Objective: This study attempted to determine whether the effects of physical exercise were reflected in the resting electroencephalographic (EEG) pattern of ADHD children. Method: Thirty-two ADHD children were assigned to either an exercise group or a control group. The exercise group participated in a water aerobics program for 8 weeks, whereas no intervention was administered to the control group. Resting EEGs were recorded under open-eyes condition before and after the intervention. Data from eligible participants, 15 from the exercise group (11 boys and 4 girls, 7.93 ± 1.02 years) and 14 from the control group (14 boys, 8.27 ± 1.04 years), were further analyzed. Results: While controlling for the baseline resting EEG, separate ANCOVAs indicated that the exercise group showed smaller theta/alpha ratios over the frontal and central brain sites after the intervention compared with the control group. Conclusion: This finding suggests that aerobic exercise may enhance the cognitive functions of children with ADHD, as reflected in resting EEG.

KW - EEG ratios

KW - cognitive benefits

KW - fitness

KW - inhibition

KW - physical exercise

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85027571568&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85027571568&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1087054714554611

DO - 10.1177/1087054714554611

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85027571568

VL - 21

SP - 898

EP - 903

JO - Journal of Attention Disorders

JF - Journal of Attention Disorders

SN - 1087-0547

IS - 11

ER -