A long-term follow-up study of sugar sweetened beverages, snacks and desserts,andrefined sugar consumption among preschoolers aged 2 to 5 in Taiwan

Li-Ching Lyu, Yun Chin Yang, Hsuan Wen Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to examine the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, snacks and desserts among pre-school children and estimate the intake of refined sugar among children aged 2 to 5 by a prospective cohort. Methods: Total 301 infants were followed up annually to the age of 5 (n=132). The intake of refined sugar is calculated by using 24-hour recalls. Estimated percentages of refined sugar in various food products are used in order to obtain the average daily intakes. Results: The consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages increased with age. "Flavored and fermented milk" contributed to the highest percentage among children aged 2-5, while the "whole grains drinks" and "tea drinks" showed an increasing trend over the years and the "tea drinks" increased its consumption sharply. For snacks and desserts, "biscuits" contributed the highest percentage among children aged 2 to 4, while "Chinese sweet soup" showed an upward trend over the years with the highest percentage among children aged 5. The estimated refined sugar consumption was 13 ± 12g, 19 ± 16g, 32 ± 18g, 29 ± 20g (p for trend<0.01), energy intake from refined sugar was 5%, 6%, 9% and 8% among children aged 2, 3, 4 and 5, respectively. Conclusions: Over one-third of 5-year old children had over 10% of their caloric intakes from refined sugar. The caffeine in tea may not be suitable for young children. Proper eating habits and a balanced diet could facilitate the normal growth and development of healthy children. (Taiwan J Public Health. 2013;32(4):346-357).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-357
Number of pages12
JournalTaiwan Journal of Public Health
Volume32
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Aug 1

Fingerprint

Snacks
Beverages
Taiwan
Tea
Energy Intake
Feeding Behavior
Caffeine
Growth and Development
Milk
Public Health
Diet
Food

Keywords

  • Preschoolers
  • Prospective cohort study
  • Refined sugar
  • Snacks and desserts
  • Sugar sweetened beverages

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

A long-term follow-up study of sugar sweetened beverages, snacks and desserts,andrefined sugar consumption among preschoolers aged 2 to 5 in Taiwan. / Lyu, Li-Ching; Yang, Yun Chin; Yu, Hsuan Wen.

In: Taiwan Journal of Public Health, Vol. 32, No. 4, 01.08.2013, p. 346-357.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3f207dc940d04da1ba01275e4b663ffa,
title = "A long-term follow-up study of sugar sweetened beverages, snacks and desserts,andrefined sugar consumption among preschoolers aged 2 to 5 in Taiwan",
abstract = "Objectives: The purpose of this study is to examine the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, snacks and desserts among pre-school children and estimate the intake of refined sugar among children aged 2 to 5 by a prospective cohort. Methods: Total 301 infants were followed up annually to the age of 5 (n=132). The intake of refined sugar is calculated by using 24-hour recalls. Estimated percentages of refined sugar in various food products are used in order to obtain the average daily intakes. Results: The consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages increased with age. {"}Flavored and fermented milk{"} contributed to the highest percentage among children aged 2-5, while the {"}whole grains drinks{"} and {"}tea drinks{"} showed an increasing trend over the years and the {"}tea drinks{"} increased its consumption sharply. For snacks and desserts, {"}biscuits{"} contributed the highest percentage among children aged 2 to 4, while {"}Chinese sweet soup{"} showed an upward trend over the years with the highest percentage among children aged 5. The estimated refined sugar consumption was 13 ± 12g, 19 ± 16g, 32 ± 18g, 29 ± 20g (p for trend<0.01), energy intake from refined sugar was 5{\%}, 6{\%}, 9{\%} and 8{\%} among children aged 2, 3, 4 and 5, respectively. Conclusions: Over one-third of 5-year old children had over 10{\%} of their caloric intakes from refined sugar. The caffeine in tea may not be suitable for young children. Proper eating habits and a balanced diet could facilitate the normal growth and development of healthy children. (Taiwan J Public Health. 2013;32(4):346-357).",
keywords = "Preschoolers, Prospective cohort study, Refined sugar, Snacks and desserts, Sugar sweetened beverages",
author = "Li-Ching Lyu and Yang, {Yun Chin} and Yu, {Hsuan Wen}",
year = "2013",
month = "8",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
pages = "346--357",
journal = "Chinese Journal of Public Health",
issn = "1023-2141",
publisher = "臺灣公共衛生學會",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A long-term follow-up study of sugar sweetened beverages, snacks and desserts,andrefined sugar consumption among preschoolers aged 2 to 5 in Taiwan

AU - Lyu, Li-Ching

AU - Yang, Yun Chin

AU - Yu, Hsuan Wen

PY - 2013/8/1

Y1 - 2013/8/1

N2 - Objectives: The purpose of this study is to examine the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, snacks and desserts among pre-school children and estimate the intake of refined sugar among children aged 2 to 5 by a prospective cohort. Methods: Total 301 infants were followed up annually to the age of 5 (n=132). The intake of refined sugar is calculated by using 24-hour recalls. Estimated percentages of refined sugar in various food products are used in order to obtain the average daily intakes. Results: The consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages increased with age. "Flavored and fermented milk" contributed to the highest percentage among children aged 2-5, while the "whole grains drinks" and "tea drinks" showed an increasing trend over the years and the "tea drinks" increased its consumption sharply. For snacks and desserts, "biscuits" contributed the highest percentage among children aged 2 to 4, while "Chinese sweet soup" showed an upward trend over the years with the highest percentage among children aged 5. The estimated refined sugar consumption was 13 ± 12g, 19 ± 16g, 32 ± 18g, 29 ± 20g (p for trend<0.01), energy intake from refined sugar was 5%, 6%, 9% and 8% among children aged 2, 3, 4 and 5, respectively. Conclusions: Over one-third of 5-year old children had over 10% of their caloric intakes from refined sugar. The caffeine in tea may not be suitable for young children. Proper eating habits and a balanced diet could facilitate the normal growth and development of healthy children. (Taiwan J Public Health. 2013;32(4):346-357).

AB - Objectives: The purpose of this study is to examine the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, snacks and desserts among pre-school children and estimate the intake of refined sugar among children aged 2 to 5 by a prospective cohort. Methods: Total 301 infants were followed up annually to the age of 5 (n=132). The intake of refined sugar is calculated by using 24-hour recalls. Estimated percentages of refined sugar in various food products are used in order to obtain the average daily intakes. Results: The consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages increased with age. "Flavored and fermented milk" contributed to the highest percentage among children aged 2-5, while the "whole grains drinks" and "tea drinks" showed an increasing trend over the years and the "tea drinks" increased its consumption sharply. For snacks and desserts, "biscuits" contributed the highest percentage among children aged 2 to 4, while "Chinese sweet soup" showed an upward trend over the years with the highest percentage among children aged 5. The estimated refined sugar consumption was 13 ± 12g, 19 ± 16g, 32 ± 18g, 29 ± 20g (p for trend<0.01), energy intake from refined sugar was 5%, 6%, 9% and 8% among children aged 2, 3, 4 and 5, respectively. Conclusions: Over one-third of 5-year old children had over 10% of their caloric intakes from refined sugar. The caffeine in tea may not be suitable for young children. Proper eating habits and a balanced diet could facilitate the normal growth and development of healthy children. (Taiwan J Public Health. 2013;32(4):346-357).

KW - Preschoolers

KW - Prospective cohort study

KW - Refined sugar

KW - Snacks and desserts

KW - Sugar sweetened beverages

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84887481409&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84887481409&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84887481409

VL - 32

SP - 346

EP - 357

JO - Chinese Journal of Public Health

JF - Chinese Journal of Public Health

SN - 1023-2141

IS - 4

ER -