A Comparison of Actual and Preferred Classroom Environments as Perceived by Middle School Students

Hsiang Ru Lai, Wei Lun Chou, Nae Fang Miao, Yu Ping Wu, Pi Hsia Lee, Jiunn-Chern Jwo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: A good classroom environment can promote students' learning motivation and affect their academic efficacy and adaptation. This study compares the perceptions of Taiwanese middle school students regarding actual and preferred classroom environments and explores the association with sex and grade level. METHODS: Data were collected using cross-sectional research design from a national sample of 1932 middle school students. Data of 1897 valid questionnaires from the Chinese Elementary and Middle School Inventory of Classroom Environment were analyzed. RESULTS: The actual and preferred classroom environments perceived by students differed significantly (p<.001). The overall mean score of actual classroom environment was lower than that of preferred classroom environment. Differences between the actual and preferred environments were greater for girls than for boys (p<.001). Moreover, girls had higher scores than those of boys for both actual (p=036) and preferred (p<.001) environments. After adjusted for region, seventh- and eighth-grade students had a higher score than that of ninth-grade students on preferred classroom environment (p=002). CONCLUSIONS: This study identified a gap between the ideal and actual classroom environments. We suggest that the government, schools, and health education teachers improve classroom environments during school health programs to satisfy students' expectations and thus increase their learning efficacy and overall well-being.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)388-397
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of School Health
Volume85
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun 1

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Students
classroom
student
School Health Services
Middle School
Learning
learning motivation
school education
Health Education
health promotion
research planning
elementary school
Motivation
Research Design
school grade
well-being
Equipment and Supplies
questionnaire
teacher
health

Keywords

  • Actual classroom environment
  • Middle school students
  • Preferred classroom environment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Philosophy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

A Comparison of Actual and Preferred Classroom Environments as Perceived by Middle School Students. / Lai, Hsiang Ru; Chou, Wei Lun; Miao, Nae Fang; Wu, Yu Ping; Lee, Pi Hsia; Jwo, Jiunn-Chern.

In: Journal of School Health, Vol. 85, No. 6, 01.06.2015, p. 388-397.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lai, Hsiang Ru ; Chou, Wei Lun ; Miao, Nae Fang ; Wu, Yu Ping ; Lee, Pi Hsia ; Jwo, Jiunn-Chern. / A Comparison of Actual and Preferred Classroom Environments as Perceived by Middle School Students. In: Journal of School Health. 2015 ; Vol. 85, No. 6. pp. 388-397.
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