A comparative study of item exposure control methods in computerized adaptive testing

Shun Wen Chang*, Timothy N. Ansley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


This study compared the properties of five methods of item exposure control within the purview of estimating examinees' abilities in a computerized adaptive testing (CAT) context. Each exposure control algorithm was incorporated into the item selection procedure and the adaptive testing progressed based on the CAT design established for this study. The merits and shortcomings of these strategies were considered under different item pool sizes and different desired maximum exposure rates and were evaluated in light of the observed maximum exposure rates, the test overlap rates, and the conditional standard errors of measurement. Each method had its advantages and disadvantages, but no one possessed all of the desired characteristics. There was a clear and logical trade-off between item exposure control and measurement precision. The Stocking and Lewis conditional multinomial procedure and, to a slightly lesser extent, the Davey and Parshall method seemed to be the most promising considering all of the factors that this study addressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-103
Number of pages33
JournalJournal of Educational Measurement
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'A comparative study of item exposure control methods in computerized adaptive testing'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this