A 30-100 GHz wideband sub-harmonic active mixer in 90 nm CMOS technology

Jeng Han Tsai*, Hong Yuan Yang, Tian Wei Huang, Huei Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)


This letter presents a 30-100 GHz wideband and compact fully integrated sub-harmonic Gilbert-cell mixer using 90 nm standard CMOS technology. The sub-harmonic pumped scheme with advantages of high port isolation and low local oscillation frequency operation is selected in millimeter-wave mixer design. A distributed transconductance stage and a high impedance compensation line are introduced to achieve the flatness of conversion gain over broad bandwidth. The CMOS sub-harmonic Gilbert-cell mixer exhibits -1.5 ± 1.5 dB measured conversion gain from 30 to 100 GHz with a compact chip size of 0.35 mm 2. The OP1 dB of the mixer is -10.4 dBm and -9.6 dBm at 77 and 94 GHz, respectively. To the best of our knowledge, the monolithic microwave integrated circuit is the first CMOS Gilbert-cell mixer operating up to 100 GHz.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4588998
Pages (from-to)554-556
Number of pages3
JournalIEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Aug
Externally publishedYes


  • CMOS
  • E-band
  • Gilbert-cell
  • Millimeter-wave (MMW)
  • Monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC)
  • Sub-harmonic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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