A 27–43 GHz CMOS Body-Biased Digital Current-Steering VGA With 4 Bit and Low Phase Shift

Jeng Han Tsai, Yi Ting Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This letter presents a broadband digital-controlled variable gain amplifier (VGA) on 65-nm CMOS process. A body-biased digital current-steering topology is proposed to enlarge the gain control range (GCR) of the VGA under low supply voltage. For phased-array applications, a phase compensation network is added to minimize the phase shift during the gain tuning. The proposed VGA achieves a small-signal gain of 16.3/16.1 dB at 28/38 GHz with a 3-dB gain bandwidth from 25.5 to 46 GHz. The measured phase variation is 2.32<inline-formula> <tex-math notation="LaTeX">$^{\circ}$</tex-math> </inline-formula>/4.8<inline-formula> <tex-math notation="LaTeX">$^{\circ}$</tex-math> </inline-formula> with a GCR of 8.7/8.4 dB at 28/38 GHz. The phase variation of the VGA is less than 5<inline-formula> <tex-math notation="LaTeX">$^{\circ}$</tex-math> </inline-formula> and the rms phase error is less than 1.46<inline-formula> <tex-math notation="LaTeX">$^{\circ}$</tex-math> </inline-formula> over a wide frequency band of 27&#x2013;43 GHz covering multiple 5G bands.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022


  • Broadband
  • Broadband communication
  • Current measurement
  • Gain
  • Hemorrhaging
  • Topology
  • Transistors
  • Tuning
  • low phase shift
  • millimeter-wave (mm-Wave)
  • phased-array
  • variable gain amplifier (VGA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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