3D cell mechanobiology study using shear wave elasticity imaging

Chun Ting Li*, Chin Hsiung Tsai, Pai Chi Li, Po Ling Kuo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Extracellular matrix (ECM) stiffness plays a crucial role in cell mechanobiology. Culturing cells in 3D better recapitulates the in vivo conditions. However, there are few platforms allowing measurements of the dynamics of 3D ECM stiffness resulting from cell remodeling activities. Ultrasound shear wave elasticity imaging (SWEI) is a promising tool to evaluate the spatiotemporal change of ECM stiffness. The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of quantifying changes of ECM stiffness in a 3D cell culturing system using SWEI. Collagen-based 3D cell culture complexes suitable for SWEI were developed. The cell-culturing complex was mounted to a SWEI system consisting of a 20 MHz push transducer for shear wave (SW) generation and a 40 MHz imaging transducer motorized by a mechanical scanner. The change of complex thickness resulting from cell remodeling was determined by B-mode images. A spatiotemporal map of matrix displacement resulting from SW propagation was generated and converted into a k-space map by 2D discreet fast Fourier transform. The dispersion curve, defined as the function of SW speeds with respect to frequencies, was fitted by viscoelastic models to estimate the shear moduli. Using this novel SWEI platform, we successfully demonstrated changes of matrix stiffness and structure when culturing the system with different cancer and normal cell lines. The cultured cells actively remodeled the ECM with significant contraction of matrix, with that a higher degree of matrix contraction corresponded to a larger shear modulus. Biochemical tests revealed the matrix stiffening mediated by human adenocarcinoma cells CL1-5 mainly resulted from cell contraction and cross-linking of the matrix proteins. Our results indicate the potential of our system in identifying the mechanistic details of various pathological conditions that are associated with change of matrix stiffness.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages1865-1868
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781479970490
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Oct 20
Externally publishedYes
Event2014 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2014 - Chicago, United States
Duration: 2014 Sep 32014 Sep 6

Publication series

NameIEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS
ISSN (Print)1948-5719
ISSN (Electronic)1948-5727

Conference

Conference2014 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, IUS 2014
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityChicago
Period2014/09/032014/09/06

Keywords

  • 3D cell culture
  • elasticity imaging
  • mechanobiology
  • remodeling
  • shear wave

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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