The purposes of this study were to examine: ⑴ Is there a standard pattern for basketball shooting? ⑵ Are there any different pattern levels existing between goal-made and goal-not-made conditions? ⑶ Are there any differences in standard shooting patterns assessment between goal-made and goal-not-made conditions? And (4) Does experience affect basketball shooting patterns? Thirty female high school students (mean age=17.0±0.6yrs.) served as participants in this study, divided into 2 groups according to their experience. Each participant's task was to shoot 10times from the free-throw line and each shooting performance was videotaped. Shooting patterns were assessed using component approach. The results, after being analyzed through chi-square and t tests were as follows: ⑴ There was significant differences between goal-made and standard shooting patterns(p＜.05); ⑵ In pattern levels between goal-made and goal-not-made conditions no significant differences were found (p＞.05; hand ES=.11, trunk ES=-.03, knee ES=0, feet ES=.07, and position ES=.03); ⑶Significant differences(p＜.05)were found in standard shooting patterns except for the preparative hand(p＞.05); and ⑷ Significant differences were found in pattern levels between the experienced group and the non-experienced group(p＜.05; hand ES=.69, trunk ES=.46,feet ES=.39,and position ES=.72)except for the knee component (p＞.05; ES=0). Thus, findings of this study were as follows: ⑴ No standard shooting pattern in basketball; ⑵ Pattern levels between goal-made and goal-not-made conditions were the same; ⑶ Standard shooting pattern assessment between goal-made and goal-not-made conditions were different; and ⑷ Training experience affected goal made pattern level.
|Original language||Chinese (Traditional)|
|Number of pages||16|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|