抓取動作之手指數與身體尺度比率的年齡差異

彭 國威(Wayne Gwo-Wei Peng), 卓 俊伶(Hank Jwo), 楊 梓楣(Chih-Mei Yang)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Based on the affordances concepts, grasping ball with various sizes was designed to examine age differences in finger numbers and body-scaled ratios of prehension. Methods: Eighteen participants were in each of child (6-yr-old), adult (30-yr-old), and older adult (70-yr-old) groups (N = 54). All participants were asked to grasp a stationary ball (diameter are 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 cm.) in separate trial and each size for 3 trials. Two researchers of motor behavior were employed in video systematic observation method for analyzing filmed prehensile trials. The inter-rater reliability was .80 and the intra-rater reliability were .88 and .91, respectively. Results: (1) χ^2 test showed that child group utilized the finger numbers more in relative bigger sizes ball than adult and older adult groups significantly (p < .05); and (2) Mixed-design two-way ANOVA, 3 (age) × 5 (ball sizes) with the ball sizes were repeated measure, and Tukey's HSD Post Hoc test showed significant main effects (p < .05) in age and ball sizes, that revealed the body-scaled conduced ratios of child group were significant (p < .05) different with adult (R(subscript 0) = 1.80) and older adult (R(subscript 0) = 1.69) groups, and the bigger sizes ball had bigger body-scaled conduced ratios (R(subscript 1) = 0.79, R(subscript 2) = 1.35, R(subscript 3) = 1.73, R(subscript 4) = 2.03, R(subscript 5) = 2.32). Conclusions: (1) Children's prehension utilized more fingers for relative bigger ball than adults and older adults did; and (2) Children's body-scaled ratios of prehension smaller then adults and older adults, and there were age differences in body-scaled ratios of prehension.
Original languageChinese
Pages (from-to)9-23
Number of pages15
Journal體育學報
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Cite this

抓取動作之手指數與身體尺度比率的年齡差異. / 彭國威(Wayne Gwo-Wei Peng); 卓俊伶(Hank Jwo); 楊梓楣(Chih-Mei Yang).

In: 體育學報, Vol. 43, No. 4, 2010, p. 9-23.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "抓取動作之手指數與身體尺度比率的年齡差異",
abstract = "Purpose: Based on the affordances concepts, grasping ball with various sizes was designed to examine age differences in finger numbers and body-scaled ratios of prehension. Methods: Eighteen participants were in each of child (6-yr-old), adult (30-yr-old), and older adult (70-yr-old) groups (N = 54). All participants were asked to grasp a stationary ball (diameter are 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 cm.) in separate trial and each size for 3 trials. Two researchers of motor behavior were employed in video systematic observation method for analyzing filmed prehensile trials. The inter-rater reliability was .80 and the intra-rater reliability were .88 and .91, respectively. Results: (1) χ^2 test showed that child group utilized the finger numbers more in relative bigger sizes ball than adult and older adult groups significantly (p < .05); and (2) Mixed-design two-way ANOVA, 3 (age) × 5 (ball sizes) with the ball sizes were repeated measure, and Tukey's HSD Post Hoc test showed significant main effects (p < .05) in age and ball sizes, that revealed the body-scaled conduced ratios of child group were significant (p < .05) different with adult (R(subscript 0) = 1.80) and older adult (R(subscript 0) = 1.69) groups, and the bigger sizes ball had bigger body-scaled conduced ratios (R(subscript 1) = 0.79, R(subscript 2) = 1.35, R(subscript 3) = 1.73, R(subscript 4) = 2.03, R(subscript 5) = 2.32). Conclusions: (1) Children's prehension utilized more fingers for relative bigger ball than adults and older adults did; and (2) Children's body-scaled ratios of prehension smaller then adults and older adults, and there were age differences in body-scaled ratios of prehension.",
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author = "彭, {國威(Wayne Gwo-Wei Peng)} and 卓, {俊伶(Hank Jwo)} and 楊, {梓楣(Chih-Mei Yang)}",
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AU - 彭, 國威(Wayne Gwo-Wei Peng)

AU - 卓, 俊伶(Hank Jwo)

AU - 楊, 梓楣(Chih-Mei Yang)

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N2 - Purpose: Based on the affordances concepts, grasping ball with various sizes was designed to examine age differences in finger numbers and body-scaled ratios of prehension. Methods: Eighteen participants were in each of child (6-yr-old), adult (30-yr-old), and older adult (70-yr-old) groups (N = 54). All participants were asked to grasp a stationary ball (diameter are 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 cm.) in separate trial and each size for 3 trials. Two researchers of motor behavior were employed in video systematic observation method for analyzing filmed prehensile trials. The inter-rater reliability was .80 and the intra-rater reliability were .88 and .91, respectively. Results: (1) χ^2 test showed that child group utilized the finger numbers more in relative bigger sizes ball than adult and older adult groups significantly (p < .05); and (2) Mixed-design two-way ANOVA, 3 (age) × 5 (ball sizes) with the ball sizes were repeated measure, and Tukey's HSD Post Hoc test showed significant main effects (p < .05) in age and ball sizes, that revealed the body-scaled conduced ratios of child group were significant (p < .05) different with adult (R(subscript 0) = 1.80) and older adult (R(subscript 0) = 1.69) groups, and the bigger sizes ball had bigger body-scaled conduced ratios (R(subscript 1) = 0.79, R(subscript 2) = 1.35, R(subscript 3) = 1.73, R(subscript 4) = 2.03, R(subscript 5) = 2.32). Conclusions: (1) Children's prehension utilized more fingers for relative bigger ball than adults and older adults did; and (2) Children's body-scaled ratios of prehension smaller then adults and older adults, and there were age differences in body-scaled ratios of prehension.

AB - Purpose: Based on the affordances concepts, grasping ball with various sizes was designed to examine age differences in finger numbers and body-scaled ratios of prehension. Methods: Eighteen participants were in each of child (6-yr-old), adult (30-yr-old), and older adult (70-yr-old) groups (N = 54). All participants were asked to grasp a stationary ball (diameter are 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 cm.) in separate trial and each size for 3 trials. Two researchers of motor behavior were employed in video systematic observation method for analyzing filmed prehensile trials. The inter-rater reliability was .80 and the intra-rater reliability were .88 and .91, respectively. Results: (1) χ^2 test showed that child group utilized the finger numbers more in relative bigger sizes ball than adult and older adult groups significantly (p < .05); and (2) Mixed-design two-way ANOVA, 3 (age) × 5 (ball sizes) with the ball sizes were repeated measure, and Tukey's HSD Post Hoc test showed significant main effects (p < .05) in age and ball sizes, that revealed the body-scaled conduced ratios of child group were significant (p < .05) different with adult (R(subscript 0) = 1.80) and older adult (R(subscript 0) = 1.69) groups, and the bigger sizes ball had bigger body-scaled conduced ratios (R(subscript 1) = 0.79, R(subscript 2) = 1.35, R(subscript 3) = 1.73, R(subscript 4) = 2.03, R(subscript 5) = 2.32). Conclusions: (1) Children's prehension utilized more fingers for relative bigger ball than adults and older adults did; and (2) Children's body-scaled ratios of prehension smaller then adults and older adults, and there were age differences in body-scaled ratios of prehension.

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KW - 身體尺度比率

KW - 年齡差異

KW - 環境賦使

KW - Prehension

KW - body-scaled ratio

KW - age differences

KW - affordances

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