The Effect of an Engineering EMI Course on University Students’ English Proficiency and Content Learning

Chih Lin Chung, Mei Lan Lo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Interview and questionnaire data from previous studies have suggested that English-medium instruction (EMI) has enhanced students’ English proficiency but hindered content learning in non-English-speaking countries. This study seeks to verify these arguments using test-based evidence. Study participants were students enrolled voluntarily in either a Chinese/L1-medium instruction (CMI) or an EMI section of an engineering course. Data were collected from pre- and post-assessments of English language proficiency and the course midterm and final exams. Statistical analyses showed that both sections had significant gains in English listening but losses in reading. The EMI section significantly outperformed the CMI section in the listening and reading tests. However, no significant differences were found between the two sections in the English-written midterm and final exams. When controlling for reading, the EMI section had midterm scores significantly lower than the CMI section but slightly higher for the final exam. This study may justify the CMI and EMI parallel-instruction model, that is, offering CMI and EMI sections of the same course from which students can choose. It is hoped that this model will lead to smaller EMI sections with higher English proficiency, eventually leading to content learning outcomes equal to CMI sections.

Translated title of the contribution工程科目英語授課對大學生英語能力及學科學習之影響
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-220
Number of pages24
JournalEnglish Teaching and Learning
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jun

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Content learning
  • English proficiency
  • English-medium instruction (EMI)
  • Quantitative study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Linguistics and Language

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