Huangtu Letterpress is the first printing house in Taiwan to publish a large number of Kua1-A2-Tsheh4 . This article takes the letterpress as the center, and explores the similarities and differences in the language of Kua1-A2-Tsheh4 published by the letterpress and the mainland, and compares them with the Kua1-A2-Tsheh4 published in Taiwan later to grasp the historical development of the Kua1-A2-Tsheh4 in language. First, we define the stages of the development of the language of Kua1-A2-Tsheh4, and then conduct a diachronic study of 28 Kua1-A2-Tsheh4 published in both the mainland and Taiwanese Huangtu Letterpress, and use this as the basis for discussing the evolution of the language. We have observed that mainland Kua1-A2-Tsheh4 retain a lot of Mandarin vocabulary. Most of these vocabularies have been changed to the corresponding ancient Chinese vocabulary in the Huangtu Letterpress, and a few have been changed to the common vocabulary of Min and China. Generally speaking, the situation of Huangtu Letterpress's reference and inheritance of mainland Kua1-A2-Tsheh4 is very serious. Even if the vocabulary selection is different, Huangtu Letterpress appears very conservative, and there is no obvious trace of localization or colloquialization. Next, we take "" (kap/kah), "" (k?ng), "" (h?o), etc. as examples to explore the relationship between the writing of Chinese characters and their grammatical functions. We found that in the case of mainland or Huangtu Letterpress Kua1-A2-Tsheh4, "" appears in a unilateral relationship and a co-ordinate relationship , and "" appears in a co-participation and a unilateral relationship. In addition, the Kua1-A2-Tsheh4 published by Taiwanese Huangtu Letterpress and the mainland completely retain the three usages of "" as a verb of giving, a causative verb and the agentive marker in the passive.
|Effective start/end date||2020/08/01 → 2021/07/31|
- Southern Min
- lexical evolution
- Chinese character writing
- grammatical function
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