There were a lot of Quemoy emigrants in Malaysia. From the mid of 19th, most of them have situated in the city of Malay Peninsula and its subsidiary islands, included Kuala Lumpur, Klang of Selangor, Kuala Selangor, Pulau Ketam, Malacca of Malacca state, Muar of Johor, Batu Pahat, Palau Kukup, Pengerang and Penang of Pulau Pinang state; Kuching of Sarawak in Eastern Malaysia also had scattered some Quemoy emigrants. Among them, most of Quemoy emigrants, gathered up in Klang of Selangor state, which is located in the western of Kuala Lumpur. Due to the coal of mining tin, rich timber and fish stocks, coastal Klang and its surrounding places had developed rapidly, caused Chinese gathered up here. The Kuan Yin（Goddess of Mercy）Temple was built in 1892 and it was one of oldest Chinese temple in Selangor. The Kuan Yin Temple is not only a religious place but also the center of Overseas Chinese society and the management committee of the Temple is organized by 19 Chinese associations now. Besides, one of the important Chinese association was the Hokkien Kongso which was established in 1921, and renamed Minnan Kongso in 1921 and Hokkien Association Klang in 1947. The Hokkien Association Klang have four Chinese Cemetery now. The first one Quemoy Association in Klang was Jin Wu Jiang Association which was established before 1909. It combined a Coolie House with the Chiu Fu Wang Ye Temple and have the social function for taking care of new emigrants. With the increase in the number of emigrant and the dispersion of place of migration, many Quemoy Association were established, including Jin Wu Jiang Association Palau Ketam in 1920, Jin Wu Yu Association Klang Harbor （and also the Su Fu Wang Ye Temple） in 1921, Selangor Kim Mooi Association in 1946 and Wu Sheng Xie Jin She in 1947. The project will focus on the overseas Quemoy’s emigrations and try to understand the migration history, social function of Chinese association and temple, business network and fishery development in Klang Selangor, Kuala Selangor and Palau Ketam. And then the project will analyze their living place, including mode of production, folk cultures and religion, settlement, social organization and social relationship. Finally, Selangor Kim Mooi Association have very close connection with their hometown in recent years, so the project will explore the making process of their migration memories and social group identity.
|Effective start/end date||2017/08/01 → 2018/07/31|
- Migration History
- The Overseas Chinese
- Chinese Association
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