The main purpose of this research was to combine the achievement goal theory and self-determination theory for examining the intervention effect of coach created empowering motivational climate on youth basketball players' sport enjoyment and group cohesion. A 12-week empowering coaching program (combined 4 weeks workshop and 8 weeks intervention) was conducted to 8 high school division I basketball teams including 8 coaches and 123 players. Each team was randomly assigned to either experimental group and control group. Coaches in the experimental group received a 4-week empowering coaching workshop followed by an 8-weeek intervention of empowering motivational climate. Prior to the intervention, players' perception of empowering motivational climate, sport enjoyment, and group cohesion were assessed. The coaches’behaviors were videotaped during the trainings and competitions, and further analyzed through the systematic observation analysis. The interaction effect was observed on player perceived empowering motivational climate, and sport enjoyment between groups. The result indicated that the coach created empowering motivational climate could enhance the perceived motivational climate and sport enjoyment of the players. Therefore, it is suggested the coaches could create the empowering motivational climate and enhance the players’ enjoyment of participating the sport.
|Effective start/end date||2018/08/01 → 2019/07/31|
- achievement goal theory
- self determination theory
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