A series of Buddhist reformation movements were launched since the Meiji Reformation. Modern Japanese Buddhism must have remained itself somewhere between monarch power and Shintoism under national regime. Hence, it not only quickened its secularization but played an influential part in embodying Japanese empire’s ideology in the Greater East Asian War. This research intends to explore the close relationship between Bushido and Buddhism. And then viewed from the relationship, it further illuminates that a group of Japanese scholars had aggressively studied the history and theory between war and Buddhism and their plural and enriched studies had emerged as the dominant ideological theory during the war before the Japanese Empire started the war. This research points out the Japanese Buddhist organizations that participated in the Great East Asian War. Especially the two denominations of the J?do Shinsh? and the Nichiren Sh?. In fact, the scholarship of these sects and some intellectuals in instigating "Buddhism" and "war" have taken shape before the Great East Asian War. The results of this research have the following conclusions: 1. From the Sino-Japanese War to the Russo-Japanese War, and even to Japan’s occupation of Manchuria, Japanese right-wing Buddhists are increasingly inclined to militarism’s remarks to rationalize Japan’s military aggression. 2. Use the " combination of Zen and Bushido" to beautify the spiritual realm of the military. 3. Use the classics of Buddhism to rationalize war.
|Effective start/end date||2017/08/01 → 2018/09/30|
- Modern Japanese
- Meiji Reformation
- Greater East Asian War
- Japanese empire
- Nichiren Shū
- Jōdo Shinshū
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