The theories of conceptual metaphor and image schemas, proposed by American cognitive linguists George Lakoff and Mark Johnson, cross the disciplines of philosophy, linguistics, and psychology, and have incited discussions from pluralistic viewpoints in international academia, including the field of Chinese philosophy. From the perspective of image schema theory, this research analyzes the parables of dream in the Liezi's chapter of King Mu of Zhou, and categorize the parables into four sections: (1) Path image schema and the parables of "journey of the spirit", (2) Scale image schema and the dreams of Gumang, Zhongyang, and Fuluo countries, (3) Link image schema and the metaphors of mind and thing, and (4) Kinesthetic image schemas and the parables of amnesia and mental sicknesses. In respect of the structure of the chapter, it begins with the story of King Mu's spiritual journey and ends with a story of a wanderer returning home in his old age. In between are various parables of dreams to illustrate the inter-influences between dream and the environment. In the Liezi's view, the "true dream" is above those dreams influenced by the environment. By means of the dream parables, the Liezi vividly presents Daoist epistemology and the Daoist theory of the mind.
|Effective start/end date||2017/08/01 → 2018/07/31|
- The Liezi's Chapter of Chapter of King Mu of Zhou
- dream parables
- journey of the spirit
- image schemas
- Daoist metaphors
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