This project seeks to investigate reduplication in Truku and its interface with phonology. We have the following findings: (1) Ce- reduplication and CeCe- reduplication do not involve the copying of the first CV string and the first CVCV string of the root, followed by vowel reduction, as assumed in previous studies, but involve the copying of the first C and the first CVC of the root, followed by vowel insertion; (2) the choice between Ce- reduplication and CeCe- reduplication, which overlap in meaning, is not determined by the size of the root but is governed by the number of unstressed moras in the output; (3) the choice between C1e- and C2e- reduplication, which also overlap in meaning, is not determined by the the meanings they denote but is governed by the phonological makeup of the initial and the second consonant of the root. Analyses based on Optimality Theory are proposed to account for the generalizations. Finally, this project has observed a pattern of CeC- reduplication that has never been documented before and shows that the coda of the RED in the pattern generally belongs to nasals (i.e., "m", "n", "ng") or "l", "r", though it may also belong to voiceless fricatives such as "s", "x", "h" or the [w] glide.
|Effective start/end date||2017/08/01 → 2019/07/31|
- RED vowels
- copying sites
- Optimality Theory
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