Taiwan's forests are rich in animals and plants, human resources, and unique landscapes. There is currently a lack of research to explore the health promotion benefits of hot spring therapy in forest environments. Based on the concept and theory of forest therapy, this study first revised the Persian Mood scale (POMS) for the psychological recovery of the subjects in Taiwan's forest environment. We collected 220 valid questionnaires through guided hiking forest therapy in the western and eastern forests of Taiwan. Using Confirmatory Factor Analysis to examine the goodness of fit of the revision mode. In the second stage, we analyzed the psychological benefits of forest therapy and hot spring therapy in the Fuyuan Forest Recreation Area where is subtropical forests of cypress and eucalyptus forests, releasing fentanyl, hot spring veins under the surface of the river bed. The spring is "sodium bicarbonate spring" and "bicarbonate spring", and the temperature is 42 °C to 37 °C. From April to August 2019, 77 questionnaires were distributed, with 64 valid questionnaires (34 of hot spring therapy, 30 of forest therapy, 20 of hot spring therapy and guided forest healing experience). The results show that (1) after the forest therapy, it has the effect of raising positive emotions and reducing negative emotions, "tension/anxiety, "anger/hostility", "fatigue/inertia", "depression/dejection", "confusion/bewilderment" of negative emotions factor and "vigor/activity", "self-esteem" of positive emotional factor have significant differences, especially "Vigor/ Activity" is most obvious. (2) The forest therapy has physiological benefits including regulating blood pressure, reducing systolic blood pressure, and promoting heartbeat. After a bathing activity lasting more than 15 minutes, has the effect of raising positive emotions and relieving some negative emotions, especially the " confusion/bewilderment " is the most obvious, only "tension/anxiety" has no significant difference. (4) There is a significant difference in diastolic blood pressure and heartbeat after hot spring therapy, which shows that blood pressure can be adjusted, and the temperature of the hot spring can promote the heartbeat. (5) The psychological benefit of the forest therapy is better than hot spring therapy. (6) After the hot spring therapy and forest therapy, the negative emotions of the tension/anxiety, anger/hostility, fatigue/inertia, depression/dejection and confusion/bewilderment are significantly reduced. In particular, the effect of reducing negative emotions after hot spring therapy and forest therapy is significantly better than the experience of only hot spring therapy, with a significant difference in the rate of "heartbeat". Limited by the longtime of measurement and the difficulty of obtaining samples, more empirical research is needed. There are suggestions for further study and promoting the forest therapy for the Forest Bureau.
|Effective start/end date||2018/08/01 → 2019/07/31|
- Forest Therapy
- Profile of Mood States
- Analysis of Heart Rate Variability
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