This research project focus on the activation of different regions of interest (ROI) in brain of university student athletes who take different goal orientation in the achievement motivation environment, i.e. sport context. The participants were the 109 college basketball players (N=249). In the second phase of the experiment, there are 20 participants in the ego group (10 males; 10 females) and 23 task group (13 males; 10 females) according to their goal involvement. All participants received a functional MRI scan after informed consent. The two groups of participants watched instructions and pictures of basketball courts in different goal situations (ego, task, neuter). The data was analyzed by one sample t test and ANOVA for group analysis. The results found that the ego group has more activities in the prefrontal cortex in the ego condition than the task condition and the neuter condition. In addition, we found that the task orientation score was positively correlated with the ROI in the superior frontal gyrus (SFG) in the prefrontal cortex of the ego group in the task condition. Our study provides the first achievement goals evidence in sports context that in the ego condition sports field, the negative activities of the prefrontal cortex of Ego orientation' athletes would awaken the feeling of negation of their failure. In addition, the SFG in the prefrontal cortex was positively correlated with the task orientation score, providing preliminary evidence of achievement goals and brain science.
|Effective start/end date||2019/08/01 → 2021/01/31|
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- growth mindset
- goal orientation
- university students athletes
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